At Estudio de la Pisada in Valencia, it’s all about feet: the podiatrists at this clinic analyse patients’ symptoms, develop treatments and advise athletes on performance diagnostics with the help of state-of-the-art technologies – including a piezoelectric force plate from Kistler to record moments and ground reaction forces.
We’re on our feet throughout our lifetimes – but we rarely pay any particular attention to them. At Estudio de la Pisada in Valencia (Spain), however, everything revolves around feet: for over 30 years, this clinic has focused intensively on podiatry and orthopaedic foot care. The team is headed by two specialists: José Manuel Bru Lázaro, an expert in motion analysis and clinical biomechanics, and José Manuel Bru Juanes, a podiatrist and foot surgeon. They treat patients suffering from a wide variety of disorders such as metatarsalgia (midfoot pain), fallen arches, splayfoot and plantar fasciitis (inflammation of the sole). The clinic also analyses pathologies that originate from parts of the body other than the feet, including Achilles tendinitis, medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS) and other overuse reactions such as dysfunctions of the tensor fasciae latae muscle (TFL), which often occur in athletes
The two experts make use of numerous advanced technologies as well as various diagnostic and data acquisition systems to track down the causes of these disorders and develop effective ways to treat them – mostly involving physiotherapy combined with inserts, or by performing surgery in more serious cases. Complete individual inserts and orthotic devices are also produced at Estudio de la Pisada with the help of cutting-edge laser technologies.
Accurate data acquisition makes diagnostics easier
A 3D force plate from Kistler has proven particularly effective for analyses of complex movement sequences – especially those that go beyond disorders of the feet as such. “We set high standards for our work, and we like to collect as much information as possible for a diagnosis. That’s why we opted for one of the systems from Kistler, which are regarded as the gold standard on the market,” Bru Lázaro notes. The force plate can be used to perform numerous tests and evaluations in order to collect patients’ kinetic and kinematic data. “In most cases, we use the force plate together with an optical acquisition system – and that generates some useful synergies. With this combination, for instance, we can calculate the resultant moments as well as the strength and direction of the forces that the muscle groups must apply so as to balance out certain moments,” Bru Lázaro continues.
The piezoelectric technology incorporated into the force plates allows very precise acquisition of dynamic processes. In combination with high-performance visualisation and data processing software, this technology also provides users with accurate knowledge of the measures and parameters involved. Performance analysis during rehabilitation is just one example where the solution from Kistler measures moments and ground reaction forces as well as calculating overall performance. “This data is very helpful for us – we can use it to determine key parameters such as efficiency, energy recovery and energy consumption while walking or running,” Bru Lázaro points out.
The results obtained from a 3D force plate are also very valuable in connection with orthotics. Usually made of silicone, orthotic inserts are used to relieve pressure, correct posture, and mobilise joints. However, podiatrists generally regard it as difficult to obtain objective scientific proof that orthoses are effective, as foot specialist and surgeon Bru Juanes explains: “It’s very challenging to get reliable results about this, because no two feet are identical – and there are no identical stride patterns, either. But thanks to the system from Kistler, we can accurately measure and understand the changes that take place in each individual patient.”
Relieving pain and preventing operations
This case history shows what happens in practice: a patient came to the podiatry clinic in Valencia with problems affecting both his knees. In particular, he complained of such severe medial knee pain that he had already considered surgery. The preliminary examination revealed that he had multiple imbalances and tensions in various muscle groups. In addition, the patient had a very stiff hollow foot
(“pes cavus”) and his forefoot was turned inward (“metatarsus adductus”); he was also suffering from stresses in his shin (tibia) and instabilities in both knees.
“Our first goal was to locate the applied muscular forces. To do this, we used our Kistler force plate in combination with Motion Capture, as usual,” Bru Juanes recalls. “Then we instrumented the patient with 22 markers to track down any kinetic and kinematic compensations.” With the help of the data they obtained, the specialists at Estudio de la Pisada could prepare orthoses to reduce the adduction forces in the knee – and thus lessen the pain. Following an analysis of movement patterns, the next step was to draw up a rehabilitation plan: based on physiotherapy, this helped the patient to experience less pain and improve his quality of life without resorting to an operation.
Summing up, Bru Juanes comments: “Successes like these are only possible with the help of accurate and fit-for-purpose diagnostic instruments. The force measurement platform from Kistler proves its worth during regular use in our podiatry clinic – not only for treatments in the stricter sense, but also for analyses aimed at improving sports performance and preventing injuries. What’s more, we can even use certain exercises for detailed evaluations of muscles – to determine fiber composition, elasticity and fatigue, myotatic reflex and other characteristics.”
Main image: At a podiatry clinic in Valencia, a 3D force plate from Kistler is used not only for in-depth analyses of patients’ feet, but also to investigate complex motion patterns and determine the power of muscle groups in the lower extremities.
Picture source: Kistler Group